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Nathaniel Weyl: collected works
From communist activist to authoring 50+ papers in Mankind Quarterly
Nathanial Weyl was a very interesting chap. Wikipedia says:
Nathaniel Weyl (July 20, 1910 – April 13, 2005) was an American economist and author who wrote on a variety of social issues. A member of the Communist Party of the United States from 1933 until 1939, after leaving the party he became a conservative and avowed anti-communist. In 1952 he played a minor role in the Alger Hiss case.
After leaving the Communist party, Weyl contacted Paul Porter, an old Socialist Party friend and began to write a weekly column for Porter's Kenosha Labor. He considered joining forces with a new friend, Lewis Corey, as "we believed that American radicals must build some sort of new consensus, repudiating most of Marxist philosophy and economics, reaffirming democratic processes, and confronting the Soviet–Nazi bloc as an enemy." However, they disagreed on approach, Corey advocating formation of a new party, Weyl advocating "a loose political organization to work within the Democratic Party and influence it." Their alliance fell apart as the Weyls moved to Washington.
There, Weyl accepted a post as head of the Latin American research unit at the Federal Reserve Board and later moved to the Board of Economic Warfare. He served overseas in the Army for two years during World War II. After the war, he became a journalist and author and earned an income from investments.
In 1952, Weyl testified before the Senate Internal Security Committee that he had been a member of the Ware group, and that Alger Hiss had attended meetings as well. It was the only eyewitness corroboration of Whittaker Chambers's testimony that Alger Hiss was a Communist. However, it came two years after Hiss had been convicted of perjury, and Weyl never explained his failure to come forward as a witness in the Hiss trials.
Also in 1952, Weyl attended a loyalty board meeting in support of Mary Dublin Keyserling. Keyserling was accused of communist ties, in part through alleged connections to Weyl. Weyl spoke against this.
Weyl writings included studies of communism, especially in Latin America; espionage and internal security in the United States; racial, ethnic and class analyses of societies; and the roles of political and intellectual elites. Some of his writing has been published in eugenics journals and has espoused such views as blaming modern revolutionary movements on the "envy of non-achievers against creative minorities." Two of Weyl's books, Treason (1950) and Red Star Over Cuba (1961), received some critical interest and discussion in their times. Red Star Over Cuba postulates that Fidel Castro was a covert Communist before the Cuban Revolution and had been recruited by the Soviets while he was a teenager. The theory has not been widely accepted.
Weyl wrote for the National Review from the 1960s through the 1970s.
Weyl visited Rhodesia in 1966. During this visit, Weyl received IQ data from the Rhodesian government. Learning of Rhodesian government reports indicating a large number of white Rhodesian individuals having unusually high IQs, Weyl concluded in a journal article in Intelligence that high taxes and other economic hardships in "socialist Britain" were causing a brain drain to Rhodesia. This work was later cited in the 1994 book The Bell Curve by Charles Murray.
Following the release of Red Star Over Cuba, Weyl and John Martino, an activist against Castro, also actively promoted the story that Lee Harvey Oswald had been in Cuba prior to his attempt on the life of John F. Kennedy, where he enjoyed contact with Cuban intelligence and Castro. Martino admitted that the story was fabricated shortly before dying, in 1975.
Weyl's 1979 book Karl Marx - Racist contains a summary and critique of Marx's views on race and the role of Jews in modern capitalism, and a discussion of later refutations of Marx's economic views. At the same time, Weyl himself supported white minority-rule regimes in southern Africa against "communist terrorists" like Nelson Mandela, preferring the whites of Rhodesia, South Africa, and Portuguese colonial rule. Thinking that the struggle of Communist liberation movements was essentially destroyed by 1970, he published Traitor's End and intended the book to be the white anti-Communists' celebration of the supposed destruction of the black majority's liberation movements.
In his book “The Jew in American Politics” (1968, New Rochelle, N.Y., Arlington House) Nathaniel Weyl supported the control of Israel by Jews from the West, especially USA. This is on the claim that, otherwise, an underdeveloped race of Jews from Morocco, Middle East and Africa, who are, according to him, ethnically Arabs, will control the country.
Weyl was also an apologist for segregation at home. A supporter of racialist theories against miscegenation, Weyl wrote for the Mankind Quarterly for which Robert Gayre dubbed him a modern proponent of the anthropological ideas of the 19th-century eugenicist Sir Francis Galton. However, Weyl, unlike others in the magazine, allowed that marriage between races might be permissible in select instances. He had been writing for the magazine as early as 1960.
Weyl reportedly moderated his conservative views later in his life, and he supported Bill Clinton and John Kerry. He died in Ojai, California. Surviving him were sons Jonathan and Walter Weyl, stepdaughters, Georgianne Cowan (Charles Bernstein) and Jeanne Cowan (Barney Hass), three grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. His first wife, Sylvia Castleton, and second wife, Marcelle, had both died previously.
So, started out as a Jewish communist activist in the 1920s and 1930s. This is pretty typical. But then he got disillusioned in 1939, then spent 50 years fighting communism by way of the
sword pen. I became aware of Weyl because I saw some citations to his books on intelligence, and that he had published papers in Mankind Quarterly. In fact, upon checking using Ron Unz' very nice archive of old MQ publications, we found that he had published some 57 papers there, not including the book reviews. The span of publication was curious. He started out in 1961, with 3 articles. Most years then feature a few MQ publications, except for years where he instead focused on a book (e.g. in 1963, he published the wide ranging The Geography of Intellect). Then suddenly in 1978, he stopped. We found only a few articles published after this date. But there's still some books and other things. New York Times covered his death in 2005 and claimed he had a change of heart again on politics:
Mr. Weyl died of natural causes, said his stepdaughter Georgianne Cowan.
According to Ms. Cowan, in later life Mr. Weyl moderated his conservative views, and voted for Bill Clinton and John Kerry.
In addition to Ms. Cowan, of Los Angeles, Mr. Weyl is survived by his twin sons, Walter and Jonathan, both of Florida; and another stepdaughter, Jeanne Cowan of Boston.
It is curious that his sons didn't want to talk to NYT but they had to hear testimony from a stepdaughter. Hmm.
His range of topics is amazing, typical of the best of bloggers (Scott Alexander, Razib Khan). He was far ahead of his time on several ocassions. For instance, he suggested in 1970 to collect data on the highly intelligence and of nations. This was in response to Jensen's 1969 paper that mentioned the important role of the right tail. So he was really writing about smart fraction theory and the need for systemic data collection some 30 years ahead of time. He wrote about bioethics, or, naturalized ethics, as they would say these days (it's a pun). There's writings on the evolution of intelligence, climate, geography, dysgenics, civilizations, all sorts of geopolitics issues and much more.
As usual, we searched, the Unz archives, Google Scholar, Semantic Scholar, Worldcat, and Google for works by the author. The collection is incomplete, both in terms of coverage and whether we could find a copy of the work. Please comment below for any additions. You can send missing materials to me by email: email@example.com.
Some photos of Weyl that we could find, unfortunately none of them are satisfactory either due to low quality of watermarks:
There are some photos from the 1950s trial:
Academic papers and magazine articles
Weyl, N. (1953). I Was in a Communist Unit with Hiss. US News & World Report.
Weyl, N. (????). US Financial Aid in World Reconstruction. Foreign Com.
Weyl, N. (1940). Mexico Under Cardenas. The American Mercury, July 1940, pp. 349-353
Weyl, N. (1949). MAN against malaria. Americas, 1(7), 4.
Weyl, N. (1951). The Art of Spy-Catching. The Reporter, January 23, 1951, pp. 9-10
Weyl, N., & Wasserman, M. J. (1947). The International Bank: An Instrument of World Economic Reconstruction. The American Economic Review, 37(1), 92-106.
Weyl, N. (1956). Introduction. In: N. S. Khrushchev's The Anatomy of terror: Khrushchev's revelations about Stalin's Regime. Publisher:Public affairs Press, Washington.
Weyl, N. (1959). The Strange Case of Ezra Pound. In: A Casebook on Ezra Pound, ed. Edward Stone and William Van O'Connor (New York: Thomas Crowell, 1959), 47.
Weyl, N. (1961). Ethnic and National Characteristics of the U.S. Elite. The Mankind Quarterly, April 1961, pp. 242-246
Weyl, N. (1964). National Origins of the Phi Beta Kappa Membership. Names: A Journal of Onomastics, 12, 119-122.
Weyl, N. (1967). White Rhodesians: an Unrecognized Intellectual Elite. The Mankind Quarterly, April 1967, pp. 207-210
Weyl, N. (1967). The Arab World: A Study of Biogenic Disintegration. The Mankind Quarterly, July 1967, pp. 26-43
Weyl, N. (1967). Aristocide as a Force in History. The Intercollegiate Review, 3(6), 237.
Weyl, N. (1968). Some Possible Genetic Implications of Carthaginian Child Sacrifice. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 12, 69 - 78.
Weyl, N. (1969). Some Comparative Performance Indexes of American Ethnic Minorities. The Mankind Quarterly, January 1969, pp. 106-119
Weyl, N. (1969). Letter to the Editor. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 13(1), 117-124
Weyl, N. (1970). Some Genetic Aspects of Plantation Slavery. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 13, 618 - 625.
Weyl, N. (1970). The Potential Role of the Gifted in Underdeveloped Countries. Gifted Child Quarterly, 14, 29 - 35.
Weyl, N. (1971). REFLECTIONS ON NEGRO-WHITE MISCEGNATION. Mankind Quarterly, 11(3), 137.
Weyl, N. (1971). Dear NAGC. Gifted Child Quarterly, 15, 313 - 314.
Weyl, N. (1972). Racial Discrimination and the Conservative Outlook. The Mankind Quarterly, January 1972, pp. 127-137
Weyl, N. (1972). Human fertility control. Perspectives in biology and medicine, 15 3, 475-6 .
Weyl, N. (1972). Letters to the Editor. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 15(3), 474-477. doi:10.1353/pbm.1972.0061.
Weyl, N. (1973). Letters to the Editor. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 17, 147 - 149.
Weyl, N. (1974). Natural Selection Through Slavery and the African Slave Trade. The Mankind Quarterly, July 1974, pp. 3-17
Weyl, N. (1975). Hashish and the Decline and Fall of Arab Civilization. The Mankind Quarterly, October 1975, pp. 83-92
Weyl, N. (1977). Notes on Karl Marx's Racial Philosophy of Politics and Heredity. The Mankind Quarterly, July 1977, pp. 59-70
Weyl, N. (1977). Notes on the Laetolil Find and Prehominid Raciation. The Mankind Quarterly, July 1977, pp. 71-72
Weyl, N. (1978). World Population Growth and the Geography of Intelligence. Modern Age, Winter 1978, pp. 65-71
Weyl, S. C., & Weyl, N. (1978). Jewish and Chinese leadership in American science. Mankind Quarterly, 19(1), 49.
Weyl, N. (1987). Hormonal influences on sexual inversion: A dual inheritance model of Proust's homosexuality. Journal of Social and Biological Systems, 10, 385-390.
Weyl, N. (2003). Notes and Documents: Encounters with Communism, 1932-1940. American Communist History, 2, 81 - 94.
Weyl seems to have read an inhuman number of books, and produced an equally large number of book reviews. This list is far from complete, as we were exhuasted. Some books are reviewed multiple times in different outlets.
Weyl, N. (1952). NEWMAN, BERNARD. Epics of Espionage. Pp. 270. New York: Philosophical Library, 1951. $4.50. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 279, 187 - 187.
Weyl, N. (1954). BURNHAM, JAMES. The Web of Subversion. Pp. 248. New York: John Day Company, 1954. $3.75. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 295, 162 - 162.
Weyl, N. (1962). The Ordeal of Negro America. Reviews of: White Settlers in Tropical Africa by Lewis H. Gann and Peter Duignan, The Colonial Reckoning by Margery F. Perham. National Review, June 19, 1962, p. 445
Weyl, N. (1963). U.S. Policy and Castro's Cuba. Reviews of: Strike in the West by James Daniel and John G. Hubbell, The Great Deception by James Monahan and Kenneth O. Gilmore, The Fourth Floor by Earl E.T. Smith, The Cuban Invasion by Karl E. Meyer and Tad Szulc. Orbis, Summer 1963, pp. 417-420
Weyl, N. (1963). Latin America in Eruption. Reviews of: Operation America by Jules Dubois, The Cuban Dilemma by R. Hart Phillips, The Wine Is Bitter by Milton S. Eisenhower, Mexico and the Americans by Daniel James. National Review, September 24, 1963, pp. 244-245
Weyl, N. (1964). I.Q. and School Achievement of Negro and White Children of Comparable Age and School St... (Review). The New World of Negro Americans, by Harold R. Isaacs. The Mankind Quarterly, July 1964, p. 50
Weyl, N. (1965). Obituary. Reviews of: The Population Dilemma by Philip M. Hauser, The Population Crisis and the Use of World Resources by Stuart Mudd. The Mankind Quarterly, July 1965, pp. 56-58
Weyl, N. (1967). Taxonomic Implications of Immunochemical Analysis with Reference to the Hominoidea (Review). Aptitudes and Abilities of the Black Man in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1784-1963, by L.E. Andor. The Mankind Quarterly, January 1967, p. 181
Weyl, N. (1968). New Mythology of the Negro Past. Reviews of: Teacher's Guide to American Negro History by William Loren Katz, A Glorious Age in Africa by Daniel Chu and Elliott P. Skinner, Black History by Melvin Drimmer. National Review, October 8, 1968, pp. 1020-1021
Weyl, N. (1971). African Mythomania. Reviews of: Africa in History by Basil Davidson, The Lost Cities of Africa by Basil Davidson, Teachers' Guide to African History by William Loren Katz, A Glorious Age in Africa by Daniel Chu and Elliott P. Skinner, Black History by Melvin Drimmer. Modern Age, Spring 1971, pp. 217-222
Weyl, N. (1973). I.Q.'s of Identical Twins Reared Apart, by Arthur R. Jensen (Review). Supplement to the Sociology of Invention, by S. Colum Gilfillan. The Mankind Quarterly, January 1973, pp. 188-194
Weyl, N. (1974). The Ethnical Basis of the Structure of the Italians. Review of: Genetics and Society, by Jack B. Bresler. The Mankind Quarterly, July 1974, p. 67
Weyl, N. (1975). Review of: Educability and Group Differences, by Arthur R. Jensen. The Mankind Quarterly, January 1975, pp. 227-228
Weyl, N. (1975). Review of: A New Morality from Science, by Raymond B. Cattell. The Mankind Quarterly, January 1975, pp. 231-232
Weyl, N. (1975). Review of: Genetics and Education, by Arthur R. Jensen. The Mankind Quarterly, January 1975, pp. 233-234
Weyl, N. (1975). Socio-Economic Life of the Onge of Little Andaman (Review). Race Quotas in U.S. Universities, by George C. Roche III. The Mankind Quarterly, April 1975, pp. 307-308
Reed, T.E., Weyl, N., Roblin, R., Friedmann, T., & Cleveland, W.L. (1980). Letters to the Editor. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 88, 663 - 664. [not actually in the PDF on the site!]
Weyl, N. (1982). Yves Christen," Le Grand Affrontement" (Book Review). Modern Age, 26(3), 454.
Weyl wrote a number of far-reaching books. He didn't shy away from topics that others would, whether it was race issues, South Africa, Communist threats, Jewish politics, or Karl Marx' racism.
I thought it would be a fun book to have a copy of, but apparently others had the same idea, for the book costs 150 USD!
Weyl, N. (1939). The Reconquest of Mexico, The Years of Lazaro Cardenas. Oxford University Press
Weyl, N. (1950). Treason: The Story of Disloyalty and Betrayal in American History. Public Affairs Press.
Weyl, N. (1951). The Battle Against Disloyalty. New York, Crowell, 1951.
Weyl, N. (1960). The Negro in American Civilization. Public Affairs Press.
Weyl, N. (1961). Red Star Over Cuba, the Russian Assault on the Western Hemisphere. Arlington House. ISBN 978-0-8159-6705-7.
Weyl, N. (1966). The Creative Elite in America. Public Affairs Press. ISBN 978-0-8183-0160-5.
Weyl, N. (1968). The Jew in American Politics. Arlington House.
Weyl, N. (1970). Traitors' End; The Rise and Fall of the Communist Movement in Southern Africa. Arlington House. ISBN 978-0-87000-082-9.
Weyl, N. (1971). American Statesmen on Slavery and the Negro. Arlington House. ISBN 978-0-87000-117-8.
Osborne, R.T., Noble, C.E., Weyl, N., & Darlington, C. (1979). Human variation: the biopsychology of age, race, and sex. New York ; London : Academic Press, 1978.
Weyl, N. (1979). Karl Marx, Racist. Arlington House. ISBN 978-0-87000-448-3.
Weyl, N. (1982). Jonathan D. Spence," The Gate of Heavenly Peace" (Book Review). Modern Age, 26(3), 430.